(*intuitive *cognitive behavioral *spiritual *lifestyle *business*)

Helps to identify the skills and capabilities that are within the person, and enabling them to use them to the best of their ability.


Therapy based on a spiritual view of life. Methods of healing include prayer, chanting, music, smudging (burning sage or aromatic woods), herbs, laying-on of hands, massage, counseling, imagery, fasting, harmonizing with nature, dreaming, sweat lodges, taking hallucinogens (e.g., peyote), developing inner silence, going on a shamanic journey, and partaking in ceremony.

- Mosby's Medical Dictionary, 9th edition. © 2009, Elsevier.


Studies the relationship between human beings and the natural world through ecological and psychological principles. The field seeks to develop and understand ways of expanding the emotional connection between individuals and the natural world, thereby assisting individuals with developing sustainable lifestyles and remedying alienation from nature.

REIKI [ra′ke]

An Eastern healing tradition whose purpose is to re-balance the complex energy systems that compose the body when they have become out of balance. In this tradition, people are considered to be surrounded by an unlimited universal energy source from which the physical universe is built. The energy systems in the healthy body are in balance, but they can be disrupted by stress, and this unbalancing may have physical manifestations such as pain. The reiki practitioner is trained to channel energy from the universal energy source, which flows through his or her hands to the body of the receiver. The result is the re-balancing of mind and body, the strengthening of body and spirit, the opening of energy blockages, the creation of a sense of well-being, and the healing of illnesses. Reiki sessions are generally held in a quiet setting in comfortable surroundings and may be as short as 5 minutes for treatment of a specific part of the body or as long as an hour for a full-body treatment.

Mosby's Medical Dictionary, 9th edition. © 2009, Elsevier.


A generic term for the use of touch (e.g., massage, deep tissue manipulation, movement awareness, energy balancing, exercise, and others) to either improve bodily structure and function (e.g., circulation and relaxation), or as a therapeutic modality to reduce pain and heal damaged musculo-skeletal units. Central to all forms of bodywork is the belief that there are blocks in the flow of energy and fields that indirectly cause disease, and which, when unblocked, result in a return to the state of health.

Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.